By D. V. Averin, K. K. Likharev (auth.), Dr. Hans Koch, Dr. Heinz Lübbig (eds.)
Single-electron tunneling (SET) and comparable phenomena have lately end up regarded as "hot topics". This additionally turned obvious once we prepared the 4th foreign convention on Superconducting and Quantum impression units and Their purposes, SQUID'91, which used to be held June 18-21, 1991, in Berlin, Germany. inspired through the variety of contributions devoted to the hot physics of ultrasmall units, we deemed it acceptable to dedicate this quantity of the Springer sequence in Electronics and Photonics to those really expert lawsuits. the opposite contributions offered at SQUID'91, that are extra traditional in personality yet however comprise excitingly leading edge effects, are released individually as quantity sixty four of the sequence Springer lawsuits in Physics. at the start look it kind of feels unusual convention abbreviated SQUID'91 may still allure such a lot of papers on non-superconducting units, and actually the 1st SQUID'XX meetings dealt completely with the physics and expertise of Josephson junctions, SQUIDs and different superconducting units and their ap plications. notwithstanding, many suggestions constructed for superconducting units, like tunneling, flux quantization, and flux-charge conjugation, compatible for ultrasmall non-superconducting constructions to boot, and lots of researchers within the box of superconducting units prolonged their actions for that reason. therefore the extension of the convention programme advanced particularly informally. in the meantime, the conferences demonstrated themselves as famous convention sequence culture best friend preferred by way of the SQUID group for its balanced mix of physics and expertise, overview and preview. SQUID'XX turned a type of a trademark.
Read Online or Download Single-Electron Tunneling and Mesoscopic Devices: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference SQUID ’91 (Sessions on SET and Mesoscopic Devices), Berlin, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 18–21, 1991 PDF
Best international books
The lifestyles of fabrics with very excessive particular energies enormously exceeding the neighborhood virial temperature is healthier represented through cosmic rays, whose beginning has lengthy been a secret. contemporary astrophysical observations in X-ray, gamma-ray, neutrino, and excessive strength cosmic ray experiments, together with theoretical reports, have published a variety of new facets of the excessive strength universe, together with promising applicants for cosmic ray acceleration websites.
This booklet constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the Fourth overseas Symposium on NASA Formal tools, NFM 2012, held in Norfolk, VA, united states, in April 2012. The 36 revised standard papers provided including 10 brief papers, three invited talks have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from ninety three submissions.
This can be the 1st a part of the two-volume set (LNCS 8023-8024) that constitutes the refereed court cases of the fifth overseas convention on Cross-Cultural layout, held as a part of the fifteenth overseas convention on Human-Computer interplay, HCII 2013, held in Las Vegas, united states in July 2013, together with 12 different thematically related meetings.
The two-volume set LNAI 7894 and LNCS 7895 constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the twelfth foreign convention on synthetic Intelligence and delicate Computing, ICAISC 2013, held in Zakopane, Poland in June 2013. The 112 revised complete papers awarded including one invited paper have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from 274 submissions.
Additional resources for Single-Electron Tunneling and Mesoscopic Devices: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference SQUID ’91 (Sessions on SET and Mesoscopic Devices), Berlin, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 18–21, 1991
Figure 5: The responsivity aI' /aQ~ of the dc current through the two-junction system and its noise reduced to the input, as functions of the bias voltage V; 6Q~ is defined by Eq. (21). Dashed line shows the dc I-V curve of the system. /). The charge resolution 6Q:c of the device can be obtained by equating signal 161, I to noise I61N I: 6Q:c = [SJl(0)~J]1/2 IaI' /aQ'o 1- 1 (1 + ~:). (23) Hence, in this particular case the device sensitivity is determined exclusively by the "output" noise (of the effective system).
Following a change of the battery voltage, electrons tunnel into or out of the island until the stable configuration is reached, at which point all fluctuations of the island charge cease. e. a circuit with no pure capacitors in series with the junctions, there is no absolute minimum energy configuration, because the total energy decreases by eV when one electron goes across the whole array, that is when no changes by one. However, two configurations differing only in the value of no are not neighbours, because the transition can only occur by a "co-tunneling" through the N junctions .
Etienne, submitted to Z. Phys. B (1991). 19. KK Likharev, IBM J. Res. Dev. 32, 144 (1988). 20. J. M. Verbrugh, P. E. Mooij, H. Pothier, P. Lafarge, C. Urbina, D. H. Devoret, submitted to Z. Phys. B (1991). 21. D. Esteve, to appear in: Proceedings of the NATO ASI on Single Charge Tunneling, Les Houches, March 1991, New York: Plenum. N. Korotkov1, D. V. K. A. Vasenko 2 1Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119899 GSP, USSR 2Department of Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119899 GSP, USSR 3Department of Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA Abstract.
Single-Electron Tunneling and Mesoscopic Devices: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference SQUID ’91 (Sessions on SET and Mesoscopic Devices), Berlin, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 18–21, 1991 by D. V. Averin, K. K. Likharev (auth.), Dr. Hans Koch, Dr. Heinz Lübbig (eds.)