Get Single-Electron Tunneling and Mesoscopic Devices: PDF

By D. V. Averin, K. K. Likharev (auth.), Dr. Hans Koch, Dr. Heinz Lübbig (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642772749

ISBN-13: 9783642772740

ISBN-10: 3642772765

ISBN-13: 9783642772764

Single-electron tunneling (SET) and comparable phenomena have lately end up regarded as "hot topics". This additionally turned obvious once we prepared the 4th foreign convention on Superconducting and Quantum impression units and Their purposes, SQUID'91, which used to be held June 18-21, 1991, in Berlin, Germany. inspired through the variety of contributions devoted to the hot physics of ultrasmall units, we deemed it acceptable to dedicate this quantity of the Springer sequence in Electronics and Photonics to those really expert lawsuits. the opposite contributions offered at SQUID'91, that are extra traditional in personality yet however comprise excitingly leading edge effects, are released individually as quantity sixty four of the sequence Springer lawsuits in Physics. at the start look it kind of feels unusual convention abbreviated SQUID'91 may still allure such a lot of papers on non-superconducting units, and actually the 1st SQUID'XX meetings dealt completely with the physics and expertise of Josephson junctions, SQUIDs and different superconducting units and their ap­ plications. notwithstanding, many suggestions constructed for superconducting units, like tunneling, flux quantization, and flux-charge conjugation, compatible for ultrasmall non-superconducting constructions to boot, and lots of researchers within the box of superconducting units prolonged their actions for that reason. therefore the extension of the convention programme advanced particularly informally. in the meantime, the conferences demonstrated themselves as famous convention sequence culture­ best friend preferred by way of the SQUID group for its balanced mix of physics and expertise, overview and preview. SQUID'XX turned a type of a trademark.

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Additional resources for Single-Electron Tunneling and Mesoscopic Devices: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference SQUID ’91 (Sessions on SET and Mesoscopic Devices), Berlin, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 18–21, 1991

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Figure 5: The responsivity aI' /aQ~ of the dc current through the two-junction system and its noise reduced to the input, as functions of the bias voltage V; 6Q~ is defined by Eq. (21). Dashed line shows the dc I-V curve of the system. /). The charge resolution 6Q:c of the device can be obtained by equating signal 161, I to noise I61N I: 6Q:c = [SJl(0)~J]1/2 IaI' /aQ'o 1- 1 (1 + ~:). (23) Hence, in this particular case the device sensitivity is determined exclusively by the "output" noise (of the effective system).

Following a change of the battery voltage, electrons tunnel into or out of the island until the stable configuration is reached, at which point all fluctuations of the island charge cease. e. a circuit with no pure capacitors in series with the junctions, there is no absolute minimum energy configuration, because the total energy decreases by eV when one electron goes across the whole array, that is when no changes by one. However, two configurations differing only in the value of no are not neighbours, because the transition can only occur by a "co-tunneling" through the N junctions [3].

Etienne, submitted to Z. Phys. B (1991). 19. KK Likharev, IBM J. Res. Dev. 32, 144 (1988). 20. J. M. Verbrugh, P. E. Mooij, H. Pothier, P. Lafarge, C. Urbina, D. H. Devoret, submitted to Z. Phys. B (1991). 21. D. Esteve, to appear in: Proceedings of the NATO ASI on Single Charge Tunneling, Les Houches, March 1991, New York: Plenum. N. Korotkov1, D. V. K. A. Vasenko 2 1Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119899 GSP, USSR 2Department of Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119899 GSP, USSR 3Department of Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA Abstract.

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Single-Electron Tunneling and Mesoscopic Devices: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference SQUID ’91 (Sessions on SET and Mesoscopic Devices), Berlin, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 18–21, 1991 by D. V. Averin, K. K. Likharev (auth.), Dr. Hans Koch, Dr. Heinz Lübbig (eds.)


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