Download e-book for iPad: Absolute Constructions in Early Indo-European by Antonia Ruppel

By Antonia Ruppel

ISBN-10: 0521767628

ISBN-13: 9780521767620

Long ago, discussions approximately absolute buildings (ACs) were restricted via an vague figuring out of what ACs are. through analyzing the character and serve as of ACs and similar buildings in Greek, Latin and Sanskrit, this new research arrives at a transparent and straightforward definition of ACs. concentrating on the earliest attested fabric in every one language, Dr Ruppel highlights how using ACs differs among the languages and provides reasons for those changes. Referring without delay and widely to the early fabric, she identifies the typical center shared by way of all ACs and reconstructs their improvement into Greek, Latin and Sanskrit. This historic point of view finds how ACs were conceived of through grammarians, philologists or even Christian missionaries over the past thousand years and the way enduring misconceptions nonetheless have an effect on our dialogue of them this day.

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To take a very simple example: the similarity between the words for ‘apple’ across Germanic languages (English apple, Dutch appel, Norwegian eple, Danish æble, German Apfel, and so on) is a result of the fact that all these languages inherited this word from the same source, a putative language simply referred to as ProtoGermanic. Carefully studying each individual language and then comparing our findings, we are able to identify systematic correspondences between both identical and differing elements among languages.

40 There are several nuances of this theory. Whereas some (K-G, GrGr ii or Delbr¨uck 1888) see regularly governed cases as the source of ACs, others are more vague and talk about expressions that modify one element (Bennett 1914) or talk about a link (Bombe 1877 uses the term vinculum, Classen 1867 and LGr talk about a Verband) or about a relation (Lehmann 1974). These differences in words used are mostly due to the ancient language written about (even where the statements are meant to discuss ACs in general).

45 The most straightforward example of a grammatical case is the accusative, of a semantic case, the locative. Semantic cases can denote elements dependent on verbs (as in English ‘she put the book on the table, he cut the cake with a knife, they went away from the house’). Using such expressions as the basis of our theories would again require an explanation of how the link between the head and what it governs is weakened. ACs stand in apposition to whole clauses. What we are thus looking for are adverbial expressions that do the same.

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Absolute Constructions in Early Indo-European by Antonia Ruppel


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