A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.) PDF

By Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9401576106

ISBN-13: 9789401576109

ISBN-10: 9401700575

ISBN-13: 9789401700573

BY J. C. ANCEAUX because the visual appeal of Brugmann's well-known article at the relation­ ships of the Indo-European languages in 1884, the topic of sub­ grouping of languages as a methodological challenge has been raised in simple terms sometimes. To this obvious loss of curiosity in an enormous element in comparative linguistics numerous explanations could be assigned. certainly one of them is consensus has been reached in regards to the major outlines of the family-tree for the language-family which has obtained extra awareness than the other: the Indo-European. one other rationalization is that for many of the branches of this relations ancient fabrics can be found that have proved very precious for the reconstruction of the inter­ mediate levels among the proto-Ianguage ande the modem languages. For a number of branches merely has the matter of subgrouping been a question for dialogue (e.g. Germanic). specified awareness, despite the fact that, may be anticipated from those that began to practice the comparative how to different language-families. This realization did come ahead, notwithstanding now not instantly, simply because linguists first needed to care for the issues of proving the life of the relatives in query and finding out which languages belonged to it. For the Austronesian languages severe attemps to reach at a lin­ guistic class began rather past due. convinced circumstances of nearer relationships have been visible sufficient to be famous very early ( e.g.

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Additional resources for A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages

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143). 36 A SUBGROUPING OF NINE PHILIPPINE LANGUAGES 'mine'). g. 11. e. g. 11. mapa :nak 'I go', kabsatnak 'I am his brother' . g. 11. g. balayku 'my house'). The possessive free forms appear to be actually substitutives, in the sense that their forms seem to be a combination of the morpheme meaning 'something' , and the possessive bound forms: thus, for example, 11. kuwak 'mine' seems to be a combination of kuwa 'something' and k 'my'. 2 The following set of nominative free forms for the first person singular: Ib.

All these forms appear to contain an element da- plus a pronominal form. This da- is, apparently, the second element in *siDa: Ch. siha, TB. , Hi. sila, SL. sira 'they'. 1 H. dituqu, and Ka. dataku 'we (inclusive)' imply a protoform Dataku, which appears to contain *Da and *taku. 1). The H. 5), it became dituqu. 2 11. dakami, H. daqmi, Ka. dakami 'we (exclusive)' imply a proto-form Dakami, which appears to contain *Da and *kami: Ch. hämi, MI. kami, TB. , Bk. kami 'we (exclusive)'. The H. form may have originated from dakami, which is still the form in Kiangan Hugao, but by syncope it became daqmi.

Since the combination of the morphemes duha and gatus and the element ka which joins them together in a cardinal numeral for 'two hundred' is found nowhere else in the various languages investigated. Rowever, this form does not seem to show a morphological innovation for the following reason: the process of using a morpheme with the meaning 'two' and a morpheme with the meaning 'hundred' and an element which joins the two morphemes together is likewise found in the other languages involved in this comparison: il3 {eau} 'hundred'), eh.

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A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

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