By Stephen Colvin
A ancient Greek Reader presents an creation to the background of the traditional Greek language via a chain of texts with linguistic observation, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It bargains a range of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koiné (the most up-to-date textual content dates to the second one century AD), and features a wide variety of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a couple of recognized inscriptions with contemporary discoveries that won't be simply to be had in other places; a range of literary texts lines significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The publication finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic historical past of koiné Greek. The statement assumes no past wisdom of Greek ancient linguistics, yet presents a easy quantity of up to date bibliography in order that complicated scholars and others can pursue linguistic matters at larger intensity the place important.
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Extra info for A historical Greek reader: Mycenaean to the Koiné
10. 1 Woodard (1997: 90). §28. Morphology/Syntax characteristic features of arcado-cypriot 1. -pass. 1). 2. Present inﬁn. ending (thematic): Myc. e-ke-e [ekehen] suggests that Arc. -εν is the result of common development with neighbouring 34 Introduction §28 WGk. g. Argolic). Cyp. 9. 3. 1). 4. a-stem masc. gen. sing. 2): cf. Myc. gen. sing. su-qo-ta-o, ‘swineherd’ (Hom. συβ τη ). In Arc. this was extended to fem. stems: ζαµ αυ 7 21. 5. -loc. rather than a gen. ). This loss of ability to govern a genitive is probably the result of a tendency to reduce the number of cases governed by three-case prepositions such as παρα´, which merged the gen.
Vowels 1. -Cyp. 3): Boe. στροτειια´ων 14 9, Sapph. βροχ (α) 74 b7. 2. In Lesb. and Thess. ), Sapph. µ ρρει (-ρρ- < *-ry-) 74 a27. thessalian only: 3. (a) Secondary long e and o merged with the inherited long vowels [ε:] (η) and [ :] (ω). By the IV cent. 1): συνθε κα 10 1. e. [ai] > [ε:] > [e:]), for which cf. 6 below. , in most cases anticipating the developments that characterize modern Greek.
Contrast the initial aspirate in classical αρµα, ‘chariot’. 1 Palmer (1980: 235) for Gk. development of an aspirate from prevocalic σ-. 2 Colvin (2006). 5. 2 above). The presence of two separate series for the apical stops provides valuable evidence that the IE voiced aspirate stops were already devoiced in Mycenaean: cf. tu-ka-te, θυγα´τηρ < IE *d hug (h)H2 ter-. 12 Introduction §10 6. 2 above), except that the voiced aspirates will have been devoiced in line with other obstruents: κw, γw, χw (< *gwh ).
A historical Greek reader: Mycenaean to the Koiné by Stephen Colvin