By Stephen V. Estopinal
The nonsurveyor's definitive land survey sourcebook—now commonly updated
Over the final numerous a long time, the net has allowed people with a non-technical historical past to imagine extra keep an eye on of land surveys. yet with out a transparent figuring out of the way to adequately use land survey information, and confronted with the demanding situations of speaking particular standards to a pro land surveyor, conflicts usually come up that result in litigation.
A advisor to figuring out Land Surveys bridges the ever-expanding verbal exchange hole among the clients of land boundary details land surveyors.
This necessary advisor basically explains the features and strategies required in each survey (routine or otherwise), and the position of a surveyor of their research and re-establishment. it's a must-have source for name lawyers, paralegals, realtors, govt brokers, and others who depend upon the data amassed and offered through land surveys.
Written in nontechnical language and supported by way of a number of line drawings, A consultant to realizing Land Surveys not just is helping readers achieve a robust familiarity with a survey, plat, or land description, yet permits them to adequately overview it, realize any inadequacies, and make the right kind changes to acquire approval.
The 3rd version of A advisor to knowing Land Surveys has been elevated with thirty percentage new fabric and is totally up-to-date to mirror the newest perform instructions and expertise, together with using GPS and GIS in land boundary re-establishment. additionally integrated is critical new fabric on how know-how might be interpreted in assessing the standard and accuracy of a land survey.
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Extra resources for A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys
This was because the earth’s surface is not flat. However, to be able to talk about, draw, refer to, and think of real property parcels in two-dimensional terms by using maps, sketches, or plats is so necessary, basic, and instinctive that methods had to be developed that would be able to transfer the surface of the earth to a flat plane. ” There are many different versions of projection systems—too many to enumerate here—but the advantage of all projection systems is that, when applied, land surface areas can be mapped and described in twodimensional terms.
Azimuths are always said to be clockwise, meaning that the observer would “turn right” from the meridian to the line being reported. ” Therefore, line “A–C” could be reported as having an azimuth of 30 degrees or 210 degrees. Both azimuths describe the same line. Azimuths are always less than 360 degrees. 8. BEARINGS Bearings are “reckoned” clockwise or counterclockwise2 from the meridian and are always less than or equal to 90 degrees. ” 2 “Clockwise” is defined as a turn to the right from the meridian, and “counterclockwise” is defined as a turn to the left.
NGS has also emphasized that NGVD is no longer supported and should not be used for surveying or engineering projects. ” Local sea level must be determined by observations of the tide. Such observations can render a sea level value in terms of NAVD. Elevations are every bit as important in real property measurements as are horizontal distances and angles. More personal disasters have occurred because an individual’s real property was below a certain elevation (a high-water mark, for example) than because of shortages in horizontal measure or improper horizontal location.
A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys by Stephen V. Estopinal