By Marian Klamer
Teiwa is a non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language spoken at the island of Pantar, in jap Indonesia, positioned simply north of Timor island. It has approx. 4,000 audio system and is very endangered. whereas the non-Austronesian languages of the Alor-Pantar archipelago are sincerely with regards to one another, as indicated by means of the various obvious cognates and the very comparable pronominal paradigms stumbled on around the crew, their genetic dating to different Papuan languages continues to be arguable. situated a few 1,000 km from their putative Papuan acquaintances at the New Guinea mainland, the Alor-Pantar languages are the main far-off westerly Papuan outliers. A grammar of Teiwa provides a grammatical description of 1 of those 'outlier' languages. The e-book is based as a reference grammar: after a basic creation at the language, it audio system and the linguistic state of affairs on Alor and Pantar, the grammar builds up from an outline of the language's phonology and be aware sessions to its better grammatical parts and their mutual kinfolk: nominal words, serial verb structures, clauses, clause combos, and data constitution. whereas many Papuan languages are morphologically advanced, Teiwa is sort of analytic: it has just one paradigm of item marking prefixes, and one verbal suffix marking realis prestige. different typologically fascinating positive aspects of the language contain: (i) the presence of uvular fricatives and forestalls, that is ordinary for languages of japanese Indonesia; (ii) the absence of trivalent verbs: transitive verbs decide upon a unmarried (animate or inanimate) item, whereas the extra player is expressed with a separate predicate; and (iii) the absence of morpho-syntactically encoded embedded clauses. A grammar of Teiwa relies on fundamental box info, amassed by way of the writer in 2003-2007. a range of glossed and translated Teiwa texts of varied style
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Teiwa
Electronic copies of the recordings will be deposited at the IMDI archive that is maintained at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, The Netherlands. 0. Introduction Teiwa has eight vowels /i, i:, u, u:, a, Ǡ, Ǫ, ǣ/ and twenty consonants. The consonants include a velar, uvular and a glottal stop, as well as an contrast between a pharyngeal and a glottal fricative that is exceptional for the languages of Eastern Indonesia (cf. Hajek, in press). 1. 2 describes the structure of the syllable and stress assigment.
1pi 1pi-work PROX make 3s finish first ‘We first finish our work here’ Teiwa lacks a dedicated relative clause construction. In order to modify a head noun, it is marked with the focus marker la. The focus marker is employed to mark the information which the speaker intends to introduce into the discourse. Focus expressions are typically followed by pragmatically presupposed propositions (see Chapter 11). The sentences in (13) illustrate some basic features of Teiwa focus NPs. First, they are pragmatically rather than grammatically determined: the clause in (13a) is grammatical but has no focus NP, compare (13b,c) which each contain a different focus NP.
Today, the Dutch cultural influence is most visible in Kalabahi, and in the Kabola peninsula. This is probably because the Dutch administration and schools were located there. 5% of the children on Alor were going to school (2,089 out of a total population of 28,063 boys and girls, Van Gaalen 1945: 24, 41a). 5. 23 Islam is the minority religion on Alor and Pantar. Muslims and Christians coexist peacefully on the island; ethnic or religious conflicts appear to be absent. 24 The traditional animist religion(s) adhered to on Alor and Pantar are not mentioned in the official statistics.
A Grammar of Teiwa by Marian Klamer