By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka
Spotting ability to innovate and commercialize new high-technology items is more and more a key for the commercial progress within the atmosphere of tighter environmental and source constraints, governments world wide have taken energetic steps to bolster their nationwide innovation structures. those steps underscore the assumption of those governments that the emerging expenses and hazards linked to new in all likelihood high-payoff applied sciences, their spillover or externality-generating results and the transforming into international festival, require nationwide R&D courses to aid the strategies by way of new and latest high-technology enterprises inside of their borders. The nationwide study Council's Board on technology, expertise, and financial coverage (STEP) has launched into a learn of chosen international innovation courses compared to significant U.S. courses. The "21st Century Innovation platforms for the USA and Japan: classes from a Decade of swap" symposium reviewed executive courses and tasks to aid the improvement of small- and medium-sized firms, government-university- collaboration and consortia, and the influence of the highbrow estate regime on innovation. This ebook brings jointly the papers awarded on the convention and offers a old context of the problems mentioned on the symposium.
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Extra info for 21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium
See Posen (1998). 3% 1 0 –1 2003 2001 1999 1997 1995 1993 1991 1989 1987 1985 1983 1981 1979 1977 1975 –2 Year FIGURE 1 GDP growth ratio. SOURCE: K. Motohashi, Empirical Analysis of IT Innovation: Has IT Changed Long-term Japanese Economic Performance? Toyokeizai, 2005. productivity did decline to some degree in the 1990s and that this decline was greater than one would expect even in years of low economic growth. The natural question concerns why productivity declined in the 1990s and several experts have proposed answers.
Tokyo, Japan. The National Academies, NISTEP of Japan, and The Institute of Innovation Research of Hitotsubashi University. nistep. pdf>. 18 21ST CENTURY INNOVATION SYSTEMS FOR JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES Flamm, Kenneth. 1996. Mismanaged Trade: Strategic Policy and the Semiconductor Industry. : The Brookings Institution. Fujimura, Shuzo, and Hiroyuki Chuma. 2006. ” Presentation at the conference, 21st Century Innovation Systems for the United States and Japan: Lessons from a Decade of Change. Tokyo, Japan.
2 Government R&D Programs; METI’s R&D Projects METI is in charge of organizing R&D programs for industrial innovation, and a typical project involves a group of companies working on a large-scale R&D initiative. The research funding is provided by METI, and public research institutions such as AIST can also be involved. The very large scale integrated circuit TECHNOLOGY POLICIES IN JAPAN 35 (VLSI) project is one of METI’s most successful R&D projects. S. ﬁrms. In this project, the of AIST also played an important role, and This three-year project, which also involved AIST’s Electro Technical Laboratory, pushed Japanese electronics companies to world leadership in LSI technology.
21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka